- The "Business for Peace" paradigm in conflict-affected and fragile states
- Business engagement in development policy
- Development theory
Miklian's primary topic of study is of the role of businesses as peacebuilders, specifically the 'Business for Peace' paradigm of business engagements in global peacebuilding and development activities in conflict-affected and fragile states. This thematic interest explores the arenas where conflict, governance and commerce meet, studying how demands for natural resources (such as iron, diamonds, and rare earth elements) and market access by international consumer goods firms can influence how business, governance and violent conflict intersect in fragile countries and how these production chains are traced around the world.
Miklian's regional focus includes field study in Colombia, the Philippines, and at the United Nations, among other areas. Miklian also has significant previous regional experience in South Asian conflict resolution and regional security, with publications on media and foreign policy in Nepal, the Maoist insurgency in India, political ecologies of war and conflict diamonds in support.
Miklian holds a PhD in Development Studies from NMBU (Norway) and an MSc in International Relations from the London School of Economics and Political Science. Miklian has conducted extensive fieldwork in South Asia, Latin America and Africa since 2005, with over one dozen medium or long-term fieldwork visits, leading projects with international partnerships and institutional collaborations. In addition to extensive publication on the above topics, Miklian has written for or been cited in an expert capacity by the New York Times, the BBC, The Economist, Agence France-Presse, Foreign Policy, France 24, The Guardian (UK), NRK (Norway), The Hindu (India) and National Public Radio (USA) among various media outlets.
- Senior Researcher, Peace Research Institute Oslo, 2012-present
- Visiting Fellow, Universidad de los Andes, Bogotá, Colombia, 2016-2017