Alexander Antony Dunlap

Image of Alexander Antony Dunlap
Norwegian version of this page
Visiting address Sandakerveien 130 Bygg 2 0484 Oslo
Postal address Postboks 1116 Blindern 0317 Oslo
Other affiliations Department of Education (Student)

Academic interests

  • Political Ecology
  • Critical Agrarian Studies - Land Grabbing & Control
  • Green Economy - Energy Infrastructure & Market-based Conservation
  • Natural Resource Extraction
  • Wind Energy Development & Lower-Carbon Infrastructure
  • Social Movements and/or Peoples-in-Movement
  • Colonial Genocide Studies


Alexander Dunlap holds a PhD in Social Anthropology from Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, The Netherlands. His PhD thesis examined the socio-ecological impact of wind energy development on Zapotec and Ikoot people in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec region of Oaxaca, Mexico. Alexander's work has critically examined police-military transformations, market-based conservation, wind energy development and extractive projects more generally with coal mining in Germany and copper mining in Peru. Current research investigates the formation of  transnational-super grids and the connections between conventional and renewable energy extraction operations.

Courses taught


  • 2014, Association for Institutional Thought (AFIT) Student Scholars Award Competition.
Tags: Anthropology, Energy, Natural Resource Management, Political Ecology, Critical Agrarian Studies, Land Grabbing & Control, Green Economy, Market-based Conservation, Natural Resource Extraction, Renewable & Wind Energy Development, Social Movements, Colonial Genocide Studies


  • Dunlap, Alexander (2021). Spreading ‘green’ infrastructural harm: mapping conflicts and socio-ecological disruptions within the European Union’s transnational energy grid. Globalizations. ISSN 1474-7731. p. 1–25. doi: 10.1080/14747731.2021.1996518.
  • Dunlap, Alexander Antony (2021). More Wind Energy Colonialism(s) in Oaxaca? Reasonable Findings, Unacceptable Development. Energy Research & Social Science. ISSN 2214-6296. 82, p. 1–7. doi: 10.1016/j.erss.2021.102304.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2021). Toward an Anarchist Decolonization: A Few Notes. Capitalism Nature Socialism. ISSN 1045-5752. p. 1–11. doi: 10.1080/10455752.2021.1879186.
  • Dunlap, Alexander & Correa Arce, Martín (2021). ‘Murderous energy’ in Oaxaca, Mexico: wind factories, territorial struggle and social warfare. Journal of Peasant Studies. ISSN 0306-6150. p. 1–21. doi: 10.1080/03066150.2020.1862090.
  • Dunlap, Alexander & Verweijen, Judith (2021). The evolving techniques of the social engineering of extraction: Introducing political (re)actions ‘from above’ in large-scale mining and energy project. Political Geography. ISSN 0962-6298. p. 1–9. doi: 10.1016/j.polgeo.2021.102342.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2020). The direction of ecological insurrections: political ecology comes to daggers with Fukuoka. Journal of political ecology. ISSN 1073-0451. 27(1), p. 988–1014. doi: 10.2458/v27i1.23751. Full text in Research Archive
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2020). The Politics of Ecocide, Genocide and Megaprojects: Interrogating Natural Resource Extraction, Identity and the Normalization of Erasure. Journal of Genocide Research. ISSN 1462-3528. p. 1–24. doi: 10.1080/14623528.2020.1754051. Full text in Research Archive
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2020). Bureaucratic land grabbing for infrastructural colonization: renewable energy, L’Amassada, and resistance in southern France . Human Geography. ISSN 1942-7786. 13(2), p. 109–126. doi: 10.1177/1942778620918041.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2019). Wind, coal, and copper: the politics of land grabbing, counterinsurgency, and the social engineering of extraction. Globalizations. ISSN 1474-7731. p. 1–22. doi: 10.1080/14747731.2019.1682789.
  • Dunlap, Alexander & Sullivan, Sian (2019). A faultline in neoliberal environmental governance scholarship? Or, why accumulation-by-alienation matters. Environment and Planning E: Nature and Space. ISSN 2514-8486. p. 1–28. doi: 10.1177/2514848619874691.
  • Siamanta, Christina & Dunlap, Alexander (2019). ‘Accumulation by Wind Energy’: Wind energy Development as a Capitalist Trojan Horse in Crete,Greece and Oaxaca, Mexico. ACME: An International E-Journal for Critical Geographies. ISSN 1492-9732. 18(4), p. 925–955.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2019). ‘Agro si, mina NO!’ the Tia Maria copper mine, state terrorism and social war by every means in the Tambo Valley, Peru. Political Geography. ISSN 0962-6298. 71, p. 10–25. doi: 10.1016/j.polgeo.2019.02.001. Full text in Research Archive
  • Brock, Andrea & Dunlap, Alexander (2018). Normalising Corporate Counterinsurgency: engineering consent, managing resistance and greening destruction around the Hambach coal mine and beyond . Political Geography. ISSN 0962-6298. 62(1), p. 33–47. doi: 10.1016/j.polgeo.2017.09.018.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2018). The ‘solution’is now the ‘problem:’wind energy, colonisation and the ‘genocide-ecocide nexus’ in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Oaxaca. International Journal of Human Rights. ISSN 1364-2987. 22(4), p. 550–573. doi: 10.1080/13642987.2017.1397633.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2018). Insurrection for Land, Sea and Dignity: Resistance and Autonomy against Wind Energy in Álvaro Obregón, Mexico . Journal of political ecology. ISSN 1073-0451. 25(1), p. 120–143. doi: 10.2458/v25i1.22863.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2018). “A Bureaucratic Trap:” Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC) and Wind Energy Development in Juchitán, Mexico. Capitalism Nature Socialism. ISSN 1045-5752. 29(4), p. 88–108. doi: 10.1080/10455752.2017.1334219.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2018). Counterinsurgency for wind energy: the Bíi Hioxo wind park in Juchitán, Mexico. Journal of Peasant Studies. ISSN 0306-6150. 45(3), p. 630–652. doi: 10.1080/03066150.2016.1259221.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2017). Wind Energy: Toward a “Sustainable Violence” in Oaxaca, Mexico. . NACLA REPORT ON THE AMERICAS. ISSN 1071-4839. 49, p. 483–488. doi: 10.1080/10714839.2017.1409378.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2017). From Primitive Accumulation to Modernized Poverty: Examining Flush-toilets through the Four Invaluation Processes. Forum for Social Economics. ISSN 0736-0932. 47(4), p. 1–21. doi: 10.1080/07360932.2017.1387864.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2017). 'The town is surrounded:' From Climate Concerns to Life under Wind Turbines in La Ventosa, Mexico . Human Geography. ISSN 1942-7786. 10(1), p. 16–36. doi: 10.1177/194277861701000202.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2015). The Expanding Techniques of Progress: Agricultural Biotechnology and UN-REDD+. Review of social economy. ISSN 0034-6764. 73(1), p. 89–112. doi: 10.1080/00346764.2014.988053.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2014). Permanent War: Grids, Boomerangs, and Counterinsurgency. Anarchist Studies. ISSN 0967-3393. 22(1), p. 55–79.
  • Dunlap, Alexander & Fairhead, James (2014). The Militarisation and Marketisation of Nature: An Alternative Lens to ‘Climate-Conflict’. Geopolitics. ISSN 1465-0045. 19(4), p. 937–961. doi: 10.1080/14650045.2014.964864.

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  • Dunlap, Alexander & Jakobsen, Jostein (2020). The Violent Technologies of Extraction: Political Ecology, Critical Agrarian Studies and The Capitalist Worldeater. Palgrave Pivot. ISBN 978-3-030-26851-0. 171 p.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2019). Renewing Destruction: Wind Energy, Conflict and Resistance in a Latin American Context. Rowman & Littlefield International. ISBN 978-1-7866-1066-9. 214 p.

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  • Dunlap, Alexander Antony (2021). Does Renewable Energy Exist? Fossil Fuel+ Technologies and the Search for Renewable Energy . In Batel, Susana & Rudolph, David (Ed.), A critical approach to the social acceptance of renewable energy infrastructures: Going beyond green growth and sustainability. Palgrave Macmillan. ISSN 978-3-030-73698-9. p. 83–102. doi: https%3A/
  • Dunlap, Alexander Antony (2021). Review: A Case for Degrowth. Interface: an international journal for and about social movements. 13(1), p. 398–402.
  • Dunlap, Alexander Antony & Correa-Arce, Martin (2021). Pacifying autonomous land defenders in Oaxaca, Mexico: Human rights groups as social warfare mechanisms. In Menton, Mary & Le Billon, Philippe (Ed.), Environmental Defenders: Deadly Struggles for Life and Territory. Routledge. ISSN 978-0-367-64964-7. p. 180–197.
  • Dunlap, Alexander Antony (2021). Book Review: The Political Economy of Agrarian Extractivism: Lessons from Bolivia by Ben McKay. Journal of Agrarian Change. ISSN 1471-0358. p. 1–6. doi: 10.1111/joac.12443.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2020). Review of Bram Büscher and Robert Fletcher. 2020. The Conservation Revolution. Journal of political ecology. ISSN 1073-0451. 27(1), p. 1–4.
  • Dunlap, Alexander & Jakobsen, Jostein (2020). Unraveling the Lies of His-story with James Scott and Peter Gelderloos. Capitalism Nature Socialism. ISSN 1045-5752. doi: 10.1080/10455752.2020.1735029.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2019). Revisiting the wind energy conflict in Gui'Xhi' Ro / Álvaro Obregón: interview with an indigenous anarchist. Journal of political ecology. ISSN 1073-0451. 26(1), p. 150–166. doi: 10.2458/V26I1.23243.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2018). Review of Los Zetas Inc.: Criminal Corporations, Energy, and Civil War in Mexico. NACLA REPORT ON THE AMERICAS. ISSN 1071-4839. 50(1), p. 106–108. doi: 10.1080/10714839.2018.1448608.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2016). Green Transformations or Rebranding Dystopia? Capitalism Nature Socialism. ISSN 1045-5752. 27(2), p. 141–143. doi: 10.1080/10455752.2016.1178946.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2016). Counter-insurgency: let's remember where prevention comes from and its implications. Critical Studies on Terrorism. ISSN 1753-9153. 9(2), p. 380–384. doi: 10.1080/17539153.2016.1178487.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2012). Review: The Propaganda Society: Promotional Culture and Politics in Global Context. Journal of Economic Issues. ISSN 0021-3624. 46(4), p. 1090–1092. doi: 10.2753/JEI0021-3624460412.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2012). Review: The Myth of Development: The Non-Viable Economies of the 21st Century. Journal of Economic Issues. ISSN 0021-3624. 46(1), p. 247–249.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2011). Review: Why Doesn't Microfinance Work?: The Destructive Rise of Local Neoliberalism. Journal of Economic Issues. ISSN 0021-3624. 45(5), p. 1012–1014.
  • Dunlap, Alexander (2011). Review: Green Economics: Confronting the Ecological Crisis. Journal of Economic Issues. ISSN 0021-3624. 45(4), p. 1020–1022.

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Published May 14, 2019 2:39 PM - Last modified Aug. 17, 2021 6:14 PM