India introduces new legislation to double farmers’ income and boost the agrarian economy. But will it work?
Kenneth Bo Nielsen
The global proliferation of extraction and plantation economies continue to shape profoundly unequal exchanges of resources and labor and wreak havoc on rural economies, ecologies, and social relations. Yet, people at the receiving end of these transformations are not without agency.
How does India’s new coal geography harness and reconfigure existing infrastructural arrangements to suit the needs of coal? In the second part of this series on India’s new coal geography, we examine this question in the context of Goa.
While India has become a hotspot for renewable energy investments, a new Indian coal geography has also emerged since the early 2000s. Its materialisation promises to lock India into continued reliance on coal for the foreseeable future, with a concomitant rise in carbon emissions. In part one of this two-part series, we look at the big picture of India’s new coal geography and its impact.