Alexander Dunlap and Martín Correa Arce: ‘Murderous energy’ in Oaxaca, Mexico: wind factories, territorial struggle and social warfare

Published in The Journal of Peasant Studies, 2021

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This article examines the struggle against the new Électricité de France (EDF) wind park, Gunaa Sicarú, in Unión Hidalgo (UH), Mexico. Foregrounding Indigenous land defense, the article refers to wind energy as ‘wind factories’ to discuss agrarian change in the region. Revealing the counterinsurgency colonial model as a foundational approach to extractive development, the article argues that the distribution of money, Sicarios (hitmen) and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) are instrumental to engineering ‘social acceptance’. Moreover, the liberalism underlining NGOs, if not careful, advances processes of infrastructural colonization and, consequently, wider trajectories of (neo)colonialism.

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Alexander Dunlap and Martín Correa Arce

Postdoctoral Fellow Alexander Dunlap
Postdoctoral Fellow Alexander Dunlap


Published Mar. 3, 2021 12:46 PM - Last modified Mar. 10, 2021 10:49 AM