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Power from the people? Driving forces and hindrances (completed)

The project aims to understand why and how Norwegian households (prosumers) produce electricity from solar power, the hindrances involved, and the effects on people’s electricity use.

About the project

The main objective is to identify the driving forces and hindrances behind Norwegian households becoming prosumers.


  1. Improve our understanding of differences and similarities in the prosumer policies in the UK, Germany and Norway.
  2. Understand why some households in Norway decide to become engaged as prosumers, what their experiences are, how they use energy at home and how they respond to regulations and solutions offered by central stakeholders.
  3. Improve our understanding of how emerging prosumer participation in the energy system is perceived and handled by central stakeholders.
  4. Provide perspectives to policymakers, energy suppliers and relevant industry actors on the conditions for increased participation of prosumers in the Norwegian energy system.

Duration: 2015-2018


The Norwegian Research Council. ENERGIX Programme. Project no 243947/E20.


A research project at CICERO / SUM, University of Oslo / The Fridtjof Nansen Institute / SINTEF Energi AS International research partners: Durham University (UK) and Freie Universität Berlin (Germany).

Partners in Norway: Akershus Fylkeskommune, Agder Energi AS, Skagerak Energi AS, Lyse Elnett AS, NVE.


  • Todd Cherry & Hanne Sæle (2020). Residential Photovoltaic Systems in Norway: Household Knowledge, Preferences and Willingness to Pay. Challenges in Sustainability.  ISSN 2297-6477.  8, s 1- 16
  • Tor Håkon Jackson Inderberg; Hanne Sæle; Hege Westskog & Tanja Winther (2020). The dynamics of solar prosuming: Exploring interconnections between actor groups in Norway. Energy Research & Social Science.  ISSN 2214-6296.  70, s 1- 11
  • Tanja Winther & Sandra Bell (2018). Domesticating In Home Displays in selected British and Norwegian households. Science & Technology Studies.  ISSN 2243-4690.  31, s 19- 38
  • Tanja Winther; Hege Westskog & Hanne Sæle (2018). Like having an electric car on the roof: Domesticating PV solar panels in Norway. Energy for Sustainable Development.  ISSN 0973-0826.  47, s 84- 93
  • Tor Håkon Jackson Inderberg; Kerstin Tews & Britta Turner (2018). Is there a Prosumer Pathway? Exploring household solar energy development in Germany, Norway, and the United Kingdom. Energy Research & Social Science.  ISSN 2214-6296.  42, s 258- 269
  • Hege Westskog; Tanja Winther & Marianne Aasen (2018). The creation of an ecovillage: Handling identities in a Norwegian sustainable valley. Sustainability.  ISSN 2071-1050.  10
  • Tanja Winther & Kjell Gurigard (2017). Energy performance contracting (EPC): a suitable mechanism for achieving energy savings in housing cooperatives? Results from a Norwegian pilot project. Energy Efficiency.  ISSN 1570-646X.  10, s 577- 596
  • Todd Cherry; David M. McEvoy & Hege Westskog (2017). Cultural worldviews, institutional rules and the willingness to participate in green energy programs. Resource and Energy Economics.  ISSN 0928-7655.  56, s 28- 38
  • Hege Westskog; Tanja Winther & Hanne Sæle (2015). The Effects of In-Home Displays — Revisiting the Context. Sustainability.  ISSN 2071-1050.  7, s 5431- 5451
  • Marianne Aasen; Hege Westskog & Kristine Korneliussen (2015). Energy performance contracts in the municipal sector in Norway: overcoming barriers to energy savings?. Energy Efficiency.  ISSN 1570-646X.  9, s 171- 185

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  • Tanja Winther (2018). Nettselskaper og andre aktører Oppsummering av aktørenes perspektiver og forventninger til solstrøm i det norske kraftsystemet.
  • Hege Westskog (2018). Strøm fra Folket - hva har vi gjort..
  • Tor Håkon Inderberg; Amanda Rego; Tristan Loloum & Sandra Bell (2018). Power from the People: Prosuming Solar Electricity in the UK, beyond the Feed-in Tariff.
  • Tanja Winther (2017). Sustainable Energy and Consumption, UiO.
  • Hege Westskog (2017). Fra Enfaglig til Transfaglig. Veien fra forståelse til løsning.
  • Hege Westskog (2017). Erfaring fra lokale støtteordninger for plusskunder.
  • Tor Håkon Inderberg (2017). Batteribruk i Norge: Drivere, barrierer og implikasjoner for det norske energisystemet.
  • Tor Håkon Inderberg (2017). Strøm fra folket: hvorfor er det forskjellig antall plusskunder i Tyskland, Storbritannia og Norge?.
  • Tor Håkon Inderberg (2017). Batteribruk i Norge: Drivere, barrierer og implikasjoner for det norske energisystemet.
  • Tanja Winther; Hege Westskog & Hanne Sæle (2017). Plusskundenes perspektiver. Oversikt og foreløpige funn fra dybdeintervjuer med plusskunder i Norge.
  • Hege Westskog (2017). Strøm i kontekst. Miljøvennlig livsstil i en økolandsby.
  • Tanja Winther (2017). Delaying or enhancing solutions to the Energy Dilemma? Reflections from an Energy Anthropologist.
  • Hege Westskog; Tanja Winther & Marianne Aasen (2017). The creation of and ecovillage..
  • Tor Håkon Inderberg (2017). Who are deciding national energy support policy?Cases from the United Kingdom.
  • Tor Håkon Inderberg (2017). Power from the People:Comparing regulatory conditions in Germany, the UK, and Norway. What works?.
  • Tor Håkon Inderberg (2017). Klimapolitikk «innside-ut» i et komparativt perspektiv.
  • Gunn Nygard (2017). Historier om en lysende fremtid? En undersøkelse av solcelleanlegg på norske yrkesbygg.
  • Hanne Sæle & Todd L. Cherry (2017). Attitudes and perceptions about becoming a prosumer : results from a survey among Norwegian Residential customers - 2016. SINTEF Rapport. 2017:00078.
  • Tor Håkon Inderberg (2017). Skinner sola sterkere i Tyskland og Storbritannia?. KLIMA - Et magasin om klimaforskning fra CICERO.
  • Tanja Winther (2016). Matching policy and People? Results from empirical Research in Norway on why measures for sustainable electricity consumption often fail.
  • Hege Westskog (2016). Fra enfaglig til transfaglig - en vei fra forståelse til løsninger?.
  • Hege Westskog (2016). Eco village living – one solution to reduction of the carbon footprint?.
  • Tor Håkon Inderberg (2016). Power from the People: Comparing regulatory conditions in Germany, the UK, and Norway. What works?.
  • Tor Håkon Inderberg (2016). Power from the People: Comparing regulatory conditions in Germany, the UK, and Norway. What works?.
  • Hege Westskog (2016). Påvirkning av strømatferd. Et spørsmål om livsstil?.
  • Tanja Winther & Sandra Bell (2016). Do we want to know? Domesticating In-Home Displays in Norway and the UK.
  • Tor Håkon Inderberg (2016). Power from the People? Prosuming conditions for Germany, the UK and Norway. FNI report. 5/2016.
  • Hege Westskog (2015). Energisparing - fra regulering til realisering. Påvirkning av strømatferd..
  • Tor Håkon Inderberg (2015). Power for the People - a project on the conditions and developments of the prosumer in Norway, Germany and the UK.
  • Tor Håkon Inderberg (2015). Power from the People: Research Design WP 1.
  • Tanja Winther (2015). Electricity and social science: Ongoing Projects and key issues.
  • Tanja Winther & Hege Westskog (2015). Power from the People: Results from preliminary interviews with prosumers and other stakeholders.
  • Tanja Winther (2015). Derfor sparer ikke vi nordmenn på strømmen. Aftenposten Viten.  ISSN 2464-3033.

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Tags: Europe
Published July 2, 2015 8:41 AM - Last modified Oct. 9, 2020 4:42 PM


Project leader

Hege Westskog, CICERO

Web adm

Tanja Winther, SUM, UiO