Chris Butters

Guest Researcher
Image of Chris  Butters
Phone 99360976
Mobile phone 99360976

Academic interests

  • Sustainable design
  • Architecture and cities
  • Ecology
  • Energy
  • Development
  • Sustainable Consumption
  • Life Cycle Analysis


  • B.A. in Literature (Stellenbosch)
  • Masters in Architecture DPLG (Montpellier)
  • Diploma in Energy Planning (Oslo)

Chris Butters has worked with architecture, energy, ecology and sustainable planning for 35 years, as practising architect, author, lecturer and international consultant. He is the author or co-author of ten books. Formerly director of Norwegian Architects for Sustainable Development and senior consultant at the Ideas Bank Foundation, more recently Chris has been researcher at Warwick University, UK. He has been guest professor at the Oslo School of Architecture and at St. Johns University, Minnesota, USA. He leads a postgraduate program on Energy and Sustainable Development at the Centre for Development and the Environment, University of Oslo. Chris worked for 10 years in Bhutan as architect and project coordinator for schools and a hospital, as well as doing Tibetological research. He has worked in countries including France, Norway, UK and Bhutan and is a co-founder of the GAIA group in Norway (1982) and GAIA International (1992), a pioneering network for sustainable building and “deep green” solutions. He is also the creator of the widely used evaluation tool, the Sustainability Value Map.

Courses taught

ISSSUM4180 - Energy, Environment and Social Change at UiO's International Summer School.

Tags: Sustainable design, Architecture and cities, Ecology, Energy Development, Sustainable Consumption, Life Cycle Analysis



2017      Cheshmehzangi, A and Chris Butters (eds.): Designing Cooler Cities: Energy, Cooling and Urban Form: The Asian Perspective. (Palgrave Series in Asia and Pacific Studies)

2012       M. Grupp, M. Balmer, C. Butters, J. Cieslok, A. Fainsilber, G. Schröder. Time to Shine: Practical Applications of Solar Energy Technology. Synopsis Institute, Lodeve, France. Wiley, New York.

2012      Chris Butters (ed.) NORDIC - Success Stories in Sustainability. Ideas Bank Foundation, Oslo.

2012      Butters C. and Bente Nuth Leland: Fra passivhus til sunne hus. Arkitektur, miljø og helhet. GAIA Agenda Forlag, Oslo.

2011      C. Butters, M. Nakkerud, O. Slåtten (eds.) : Signals: Local action – Success Stories in Sustainability. Stiftelsen Idebanken (The Ideas Bank Foundation), Oslo.

2011    Chris Butters, The Sustainability Value Map, in: Tigran Haas (ed.): Sustainable Urbanism and Beyond. Rizzoli, New York.

2010     C.Butters, M.Nakkerud, O.Slåtten (eds.) : Signals: Local action – Success Stories in Sustainability. Stiftelsen Idebanken (The Ideas Bank Foundation), Oslo.

2006    C.Butters, A.M.Raaholt and K.Skaara: Hytter og miljø – 39 eksempler på miljøvennlig fritidsbebyggelse. (a book on environmentally friendly holiday homes in Norway). Kommuneforlaget, Oslo.

2002    Farner, Asle with F.Miller, C.Butters et al.: Verksted som Verktøy i Plan- og Utviklingsprosesser. (a handbook on participatory workshop methods). Kommuneforlaget, Oslo.

2000    Butters C. and Finn Østmo: Bygg for en Ny Tid.  Mot en miljøvennlig arkitektur. (The first anthology of Norwegian environmental architecture). NABU, Oslo 2000.

1995    Butters C. (ed.) with P.Tshewang, P.Tashi and S.Kvaløy : The Treasure Revealer of Bhutan: Pemalingpa, the Terma Tradition and its Critics. Bibliotheca Himalayica, EMR Publishers, Kathmandu. Reprinted 1997.

1986    Butters C. Termodynamikk og Planlegging, in: Økokommuner, ed. E. Myrhaug, Bergen.

1977    Micmacker C., Butters C. et al: Manuel de Construction Rurale et Alternative. (book) eds. La Surienne, Montargis, France.


Scientific articles and book chapters

2018    Thomas, T. and C. Butters. Thermal Equity, Public Health and District Cooling in Hot Climate Cities.  Volume 171 Issue 3, September, 2018, pp. 163-172. Journal of Municipal Engineering, ICE Publishing, UK.

2018    (in preparation) Butters C., A. Cheshmehzangi and P. Sassi: Energy and Carbon: Seven Reasons to revisit the low-rise city. Warwick/Oxford Brookes, UK. (Energy Policy?).

2016      Butters, C. and Cheshmehzangi, A. Chinese Urban Residential Blocks Towards Improved Environmental and Living Qualities , Urban Development International.

2016      Butters, C.  District Cooling. Solutions for Energy, Emissions and Urban Heat Island in Hot Climate Cities. ELITH Research Program, Warwick University School of Engineering, UK,

2016      Butters, C. and Thomas, T.H. Comparing the Carbon Footprint of Individual Buildings to That of the Site Works. ELITH Research Program, Warwick University School of Engineering, UK,

2015     Cheshmehzangi A, Butters C. Urban Green Infrastructures (brochure versions in English, Chinese and Thai), UNNC / ELITH program, Ningbo, China..

2015      Cheshmehzangi A, and Butters, C. Sustainable Living and Urban Density: the Choices are Wide Open. Low-carbon Cities and Urban Energy systems, Applied Energy, CUE2015, Fuzhou, China, Energy Procedia 88 (2016) 63 – 70. Elsevier/Science Direct.

2015    Cheshmehzangi A, Butters C. Refining the Complex Urban: The Study of Urban Residential Typologies for Reduced Future Energy and Climate Impacts, in: Proceedings of 8th Conference of the International Forum on Urbanism. Incheon, South Korea.

2014    Chris Butters and Ali Cheshmehzangi,.The Effects of Improved Built Form on Urban Cooling: Review of Passive Strategies and Urban Design. 5th International SEE conference, Nov.2014 Thonburi, Thailand.

2009    Butters C., Sustainability Value Mapping, in: People, Places and Planet Architecture+Design Scotland. SEDA, Edinburgh.

2006    Butters C., Housing and Sustainability Trends; Country Report, Norway. The EU ECONO project, eds. Kimmo Kuismanen et al., Oulu, Finland.

2004    Urban Ecology in Europe. Conference proceedings. SUST, The Lighthouse, Glasgow.

2004    Butters C., A Holistic Method of Evaluating Sustainability. In: Building and Urban Development in Norway, ed. Jens F. Nystad. International Federation of Housing and Planning 2004, Husbanken, Oslo.

2003    Butters C., Policy paper for the UN Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD 12). Ministry of Environment, Oslo 2003.

2003    Butters, C / NABU. Sustainability Policy for the National Association of Norwegian Architects. NAL, Erklæring om Bærekraft, Oslo.

2002    Butters C, Ekologia, modernizm i zyjace korzenie. Murator Architektura 12/2002, Warsaw, Poland.

2002    Butters C (ed.) Sustainable Architecture for Developing Countries. International Union of Architects (UIA), Oslo.

1999    Natvig M., Butters C. et al.: Sustainable Sports and Leisure Facilities. Conference proceedings, Lillehammer / NABU / International Union of Architects.

1995    Butters C. and I.B.Amundsen: Bærekraftig Utvikling? Inntrykk fra Bhutan. Byggekunst 6/95 (Norwegian Review of Architecture), Oslo.

1992    Butters C. and K.P.Tashi: Lhasetsangma: translation of the “... lha sras gtsang ma’i gdung brgyud ‘phel rabs...” from the rGyal-rigs of Wagindra (1728). National Library, Thimphu, Bhutan.

1992    Butters C. and K.P.Tashi: Brief Description of the Three Dimensional Demchog Mandala in the Tashichhodzong. (translation of bde mchog khyil ‘khor gyi dkar chag by Tenzin Dondup, 68th Jé Khenpo). National Library, Thimphu, Bhutan. 

1987    Butters C. et al: A Low Energy House in Bergen. Passive Low Energy Journal, PLEA, USA.

1984    Butters C. Scénarios Alternatifs; Itinéraires Scandinaves. Le Carré Bleu 1/84, Paris, France.

1982    Butters C., Energy Efficient Architecture: USA and Canada. Research Report, Norwegian Research Council, Oslo, Norway.

1982    Butters C., Architecture, Education et Ecologie: Commentaires de Norvège en Rapport avec les Idées de Patrick Geddes. Le Carré Bleu no. 2/82, Paris.

1979    Butters C, Alternative Energy Research in Scandinavia. ISS, University of Oslo.

1979    Butters C, Technologies Alternatives, une Etude en Milieu Rural. UPAM, Montpellier, France (thesis).

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Published Oct. 11, 2017 12:58 PM - Last modified Sep. 11, 2019 10:41 AM